Results and Output

Expected results (outputs and quantified achievements):
Quantified achievements
In view of the set objectives, the project is expected to achieve the following results:
- 1°, demonstration that the proposed planting techniques allow to cultivate trees in dry climates, on poor dry soil and on rocks, in response to desertification phenomena due to climate change. This result is considered to be achieved, if 90 % of the in April planted species survives and grows well 3-4 years after planting and if this success rate is achieved for at least 75 % of the used species.
- 2°, demonstration that the techniques, by using a biopolymer Twinboxx, permit Hedera to cover a fence for 90 % of the actual level for much lower costs.
- 3°, sufficient data produced to show with statistical relevance the specific success rates for the various application modes, species and soil types, allowing to draw up conclusions for different application sectors, within agriculture, reforestation and restoration of eco-systems and biodiversity.
- 4°, demonstration that costs of large scale cultivation of trees with the Twinboxx are highly competitive with alternatives actually used in agriculture, like buying new land or large irrigation efforts, allowing to stop the abandonment of impoverished agriculture soil and the unsustainable use of water and energy.
- 5°, demonstration that costs of cultivation of trees with the Twinboxx is financially feasible in the framework of reforestation and bio-diversity restoration programmes, allowing for much higher return on investments and permitting operations in areas nowadays considered hardly realisable, like mountainous areas and rocky soils.
- 6°, demonstration that the low costs of planting Hedera with the biopolymer Twinboxx, compared to the necessary investments in irrigation otherwise required, makes it economically feasible to introduce Hedera fences alongside highways in Mediterranean countries
- 7°, demonstration that planting with the Twinboxx in July leads to such results in terms of survival, that year round planting can be considered an economically interesting option for cultivators. At least an 80 % survival rate should hereto be achieved.
- 8°, demonstration that the capillary drill permits to realise the necessary holes on dry and rocky soils, producing good results, without damaging the capillary system, and requesting few and light manpower efforts. This is proven if the survival rate of trees on these grounds achieves 80 % and costs of manpower for the planting activities does not exceed the costs of planting in the other, non-rocky, areas.

Main Outputs
- report on the selection and characterisation of species; yearly test reports; final technical evaluation report; conclusions report; layman’s report
- 5 inauguration events; 2 international seminars and 1 conference, with visits to the test locations; local awareness campaigns involving local citizens, schools and local farming and environmental groups; 1 documentary broadcasted; 25 articles in newspapers and specialized websites; 3 articles in scientific magazines; 3 presentations to other international events; dissemination to key experts in the sector and to European research institutes and governmental organisations; project website; leaflets and brochures.